Today, I want to mention what I see as the most important elements of violent crime reduction.
Education – I have said before that I believe that most of the young, violent gangbangers on the streets would choose to give that life up to become an educated professional, such as a medical doctor, if they saw it as viable. I believe lack of education leads to habitual antisocial behavior including violent crime. In contrast, education gives people self-esteem and hopefulness. Education gives people skills, credentials, and good jobs, which means they have something to lose by engaging in violent crime.
Poverty Alleviation – Children raised in poverty have a notoriously higher tendency to engage in violent crime and other antisocial behavior. Poor people tend to commit violent crime more than more affluent people, and poorer neighborhoods tend to have higher crime rates. Reducing poverty will reduce violent crime. Additionally, to be non-poor, I believe a person needs complete healthcare coverage, which means that the person has access to any needed psychological or psychiatric care. By eliminating poverty and ensuring people have access to healthcare, people would get help for psychological problems when those problems may otherwise cause the person to commit violent crime.
Legalizing Victimless Crimes – Society wastes a lot of resources on non-violent, victimless crimes. Those resources could otherwise go towards preventing and stopping violent crime and victimization. For example, all the massive amounts of money and prison space put towards enforcing the prohibition on marijuana could instead be put towards preventing and stopping violent crimes such as murder, rape, robbery and battery.
What do you think? What else do you see as essential to violent crime reduction?